45 70 Sharps Reproduction

, USA Colt M1900. Military Buttstock Patch Box No Cheek rest No Pistol Grip Standard Grade Wood 34" Heavy Octagon Barrel 45-70 or 45-110 Caliber Pewter Tip Select options Add to wish list Add to comparison list 1874 SADDLE RIFLE. 50, Sharps rifles were used to virtually exterminate the American Bison between 1870 and 1900. Being favorably impressed, I bought the longer 6X Malcolm type scope from SWFA for my 1874 Sharps. 45 Colt ammo. On the subject of the Marlin, owning and shooting a Marlin 1895SS in. The same pressure level applies to its bigger brothers too: 45-90, 45-100, 45-110, and 45-120. Actually, I prefer the 45-90. Marlin Camp 9 Marlin 45 Caliber; Winchester 54 Model 70 Model 74 Model 88. Cheap online Rifle 45 70 Sharps Replica Rifle You can order Rifle 45 70 Sharps Replica Rifle after check, compare the costs and check day for shipping. 45-70 can put down any game animal in North America. Complete with a factory hard case, reproduction sight range Vernier tang sight. I have both a reproduction 1874 Sharps 45-70 and the 45-90. I intend to mount a Hi Lux Long Series replica Malcolm X 6 scope on my Pedersoli Sharps 45/70 32" barrel. Army sport also makes the Sharps. 1874 Sharps rifle "SHARPS PTD" The name that shooters and collectors all over the world dream about. Just get a good set of sights. 1874 Sharps. 1874 was a particularly good year for Sharps rifles, and was available in a. 975” across the flats) with a Hartford collar and a very nice case color receiver, lever & buttplate. This is an I. Barrel measures 32 inches long; Chambered in. The same pressure level applies to its bigger brothers too: 45-90, 45-100, 45-110, and 45-120. Original rear flip-up sight and front globe sight are also. For this article, I contacted Butch Winter at Dixie Gun Works (Box 130, Gunpowder Lane, Union City TN 38281; 1-800-238-6785) for a sample Model 1874 Pedersoli Sharps. 260" hole spacing, for antique, Axtell, Shiloh, C. A series of single-shot rifles designed by Christian Sharps in 1848. The New Model 1869 Carbine and Rifle, available in. 54 will take 52 to 55 grs. Shiloh Business rifle. Hi all, yep I`m making a sharps rifle on my lathe, what is the best rifling twist for the 45-70 cartridge with black powder, I can get 1 in 24" and a max barrel length of 25". Order a rifle today from Uberti Firerams and we will ship it to the FFL licensed gun dealer near you for ownership transfer. Army's Springfield Armory for use in the Springfield Model 1873, which is known to collectors as the "Trapdoor Springfield. Here are some stock pictures just as a taste, and expect some more unusual calibres such as 38-55, 40-65 Sharps for a different experience, along with the recognisable 45-70, 45-90, 110 and the awesome 45-120. Sharps Model 74 45 - 70 Sporting Rifle. Romano Rifle Co. The Sharps 1874, here the Competition version in caliber. $8 + S/H per set. "old reliable" serial available upon request. 45-70, 32 1/2” barrel with an excellent, bright bore. It's smaller size and new breech loading mechanism made it a fvorite of cavaly soldiers on both sides of the civil war and into the later 1800's. In the movie it was alleged to be a wildcat caliber of some kind, I don’t remember, but there’s no real way to tell from the movie if the actual rifle they used was bored differentl. Add to Wishlist Remove from Wishlist. Shooting and showing the new Lyman / Pedersoli reproduction of the 1877 Sharps rifle, often referred to as the "Creedmoor Sharps," or the English Rifle. 45-70 has been 28. 1874 Sharps. Photos form a description. I have for sale a Pedersoli 1874 Sharps reproduction in 45-70. 004" deep with 1-18" twist, 6 lands measure. Reproduction Firearms; Pedersoli Sharps Little Betsy; single-shot rifle shooters is. Meg Anderson with her buffalo, taken with the Little Sharps. The only differences are the. It was 1952, and Mayer, born in 1850 was the last surviving "buffalo runner" as he called it. 45-70 and one late Hartford original Sharps 1874 Mid Range. Manufactured by Armi Sport, one of their fine line of Sharps Rifles and Carbines. The previous owner of my Sharps warned me about using the shorter jacketed bullets in the. Sharps Arms Co. Available with either single or optional double trigger. This is the ammo. Since wound channel diameter is far more a product of meplat diameter than actual bullet diameter, impact-effect can be considerably enhanced through the use of bullets with wider than normal meplats. com Comparison shop for in-stock ammunition, guns, mags, and reloading at the lowest prices from over 100 online retailers all in one place: AmmoSeek. Rear sight is a scaled-down folding Vernier type. 45-70 Government lever-action rifles from a variety of manufacturers. Might be a bit too much powder with a 530 gr cast bullet? Start with minimum loads and work up carefully. With an 1885 High Wall single shot sporting rifle or carbine from Uberti, you can relive a time when rifle shooting was more than a pastime. = 1/2" diameter projectile and was loaded with 90 grains of Black Powder. Sharps also offered. Two favorites of the buffalo hunter were the 50-90 Sharps and 45-100 Sharps. Original Armory proof marks remain. The hand-engraved Sharps Extra Deluxe, previously available only through select World Class Collection dealers, is now available through all Uberti dealers. Chiappa 1874 Sharps Down Under,. Accuracy depends on range, and bullet weight, and what size of group you are trying to shoot. This is an I. IN THIS ARTICLE. Once in a while they would fall down with a big clatter. 45-110 Sharps Classic 3-die Rifle Set 7460522. Thompson Capt. Each of them. 3 single shots, and of course, Marlin entered the Market with their revamped lever action chambered in. Fired less than 50 times with only damage a very small chip out of forend. 975" across the flats) with a Hartford collar and a very nice case color receiver, lever & buttplate. 45-70 weighs just over 7 pounds while the Pedersoli weighs over 13 pounds, almost twice as much. Until 1993,. The finest reproduction of this rifle available today. The Sharps was said to be faster to reload than the Trapdoor and it did not suffer the extraction issues that the early. You can hand load them to even higher pressures of modern smokeless powder loads. 50-110 were common and well appreciated, they were also produced in. I have one from each and they all shoot better than I or anyone else can. 45-70 Government, 34" Barrel, 1 Round available at a great price in our Single Shot collection. REMINGTON 700 SPS. Shiloh Sharps Rifles. 22 ammo close at hand. Excellent condition. With some hesitation, I am offering my Pedersoli 1874 Sharps Competition 45-70. Sharps rifles and Sharps Carbines for sale at International Military Antiques. 50, Sharps rifles were used to virtually exterminate the American Bison between 1870 and 1900. Rugged Wwi Replica Catholic Military Combat Rosary In Silver Finish. Like the original version, the Garrett replica is a three-band rifle in. The rest of the wood has marks on it,I'm not sure if they were factory or if someone did it to give it an older look,I like the look but Im not sure if that adds or detracts from the price. Probably one of the better Sharps out there. Pedersoli Sharps 1874 45-70 Range report Since this is a replica the max pressure rating for this rifle is 29000. 45-70 Government, 34" Barrel, 1 Round available at a great price in our Single Shot collection. " 1874 Shiloh Sharps in 45-70 at 990. I'm a very happy camper. The color case finished receivers are mated to classic octagonal barrels. Uberti has a faithful reproduction of these late Sharps rifles in the form of the 1874 Sharps. 50-70), sporting a military-style butt, a 30-inch round barrel, the classic 1874 Sharps falling block action, a single trigger, sling swivels, a blade front sight and a Lawrence-type, single folding leaf rear. 1859 Sharps Carbine. She listened attentively until she understood the concept, all of five seconds. You will have a review and encounter form here. Reproduction of Sharps Single Shot was imported from 1999 to 2008 and re-introduced in 2013. The top 3 makers are Shiloh, C. 45-90 WCF and. Also known as. Meg Anderson with her buffalo, taken with the Little Sharps. THere were a host of Sharps made for the civilian market prior to the War in both. Some of these loads are listed as producing up to 50,000 CUP of pressure. Sharps Rifles/Carbines. Buffalo Bore's Heavy. Sharps 1874 Carbine Hunter. 38 Army Revolvers 1896-1902: JW : Joseph Weatherhead Waters. - Answered by a verified Firearms Expert. All of which you will have to keep at 28K. The Martini-Henry. Inc, Big Timber, Montana, U. Open Fullscreen. taken by Wesley Davis, shooting an 1874 Pedersoli Sharps in. The troopers carried the “trapdoor” Springfield or the Sharps carbines, both in. TOP ROW:Temperarily out of stock M73, M77, and M79 REPRODUCTION slotted screws that mount the base to the barrel. Old crack in the. The Sharps 1874, here the Competition version in caliber. 1859 Sharps Rifle, 3-band Infantry Model, Armi Sport. As often seems to be the case opinions vary as to whether to allow the scope to float' i. A 1874 Sharps Carbine in. Fired less than 50 times with only damage a very small chip out of forend. The cartridge is still a very popular today for hunting and long-range target shooting (up to 1000 yards). Sharps Model 1863 percussion rifle in. 40-70 Sharps Straight, but only a dozen to 18 competitors (a maximum of 10 percent) ever relied on it. Sharps Rifles were renowned for their quality and long-range accuracy, capable of reaching out to 1,000 yards or more. Store hours Mon-Sat 9:30am-6pm MST. Military Buttstock Patch Box No Cheek rest No Pistol Grip Standard Grade Wood 34” Heavy Octagon Barrel 45-70 or 45-110 Caliber Pewter Tip Hartford Collar Double Set Triggers Semi Buckhorn Rear Sight Midrange Vernier Tang Sight #111 Globe Aperture Front Sight Antique or Std Color Finish specify 2. Some of these loads are listed as producing up to 50,000 CUP of pressure. Imported by Navy Arms. This is an I. Army's Springfield Armory for use in the Springfield Model 1873, which is known to collectors as the "Trapdoor Springfield. Also, will jacketed bullets hurt the new rifles? Thanks. Chiappa Firearms Sharps rifles capture the true craftsmanship and nostalgia of the original design with modern manufacturing. Description. Reproduction of Sharps Single Shot was imported from 1999 to 2008 and re-introduced in 2013. Does it flatten the rainbow trajectory or is it just a marksmen that likes a little better challenge. I have a new Pedersoli Sharps 1874 replica in. This particular version of their Sharps 1874 reproductions (they make 11 reproductions of the various types of Sharps 1874 rifles), is sort of a “carbine” model, one of the shorter-barreled models they make, with a 26” barrel. "Built for long distance shots, the Down Under features a straight A-grade checkered walnut stock, case-hardened levers, buttplate, blue octagonal barrel, double set trigger, and pewter forend cap. Posted on July 11, 2017 September 13, 2017 by Josh Wayner Uberti 1874 Sharps Down Under Rifle Josh Wayner. taken by Wesley Davis, shooting an 1874 Pedersoli Sharps in. Shiloh Sharps was also there, but they catered more to the traditional black powder cartridge crowd. 3000 ft/lb at the muzzle for about 300 gr. Showcasing sharps rifle available for buying today online! Replica 1859. Accuracy is as good or better then my Pedersoli Sharps 45-70 or 40-65 Rolling block. 45 caliber bullet in a case that held 70 grains of black powder) has a trajectory like a rainbow. WARNING: Cancer and Reproductive Harm - www. Chambered in classic. I recently installed a Leatherwood Malcolm 6X "Short" scope on my Winchester High-Wall BPCR. Chambered in classic. 45-70, Uberti’s replicas of all 6 configurations of the 1874 Sharps Rifle are true to the originals. The Cimarron "Rifle From Down Under" model is a faithful reproduction of the long range rifle from that famous epic. 45-70 Govt 34" 71003 for sale The Down Under Sharps is a reproduction of the firearm Tom Selleck carried in the film "Quigley. Shiloh Sharps 1874 Saddle Rifle Notes: This is a reproduction of the Sharps 1874 Saddle Rifle by Shiloh Rifle Manufacturing of Montana. 45-110 round for competition, as they said long strings were difficult with the recoil. 70 ~ Gun Review Ammoland Inc. Italian MFD Palmetto Gemmer Sharps / Hawken 32" 45/70 BP Black Powder Falling Block Rifle MFD 1986 This is a faithful Italian made Palmetto reproduction of a. The Sharps rifle is noted as the most accurate and powerful hand held weapon produced in the 1800’s, and still holds the long range record at 1000 yards. Uberti 1874 Sharps Down Under Rifle in 45. The new Carbine, however, is a scaled-down, lighter version of the original chambered in. I own a Pedersoli and love it. I really opens up a deer. Double set trigger. Sharps 1874 Carbine Hunter. Reworked original Springfield rifle barrels to correct Carbine length and taper. Pedersoli Rifle From Down Under Sharps Rifles 45-70, Here's a spitting image reproduction of the famed Sharps rifle made famous in the classic western film. The only Sharps used was the. This auction is for an I. Am I reading it right or should it be loaded at trapdoor levels. Parts For Reproduction Handguns > Longarms > Cartridge > CR0415 PEDERSOLI SHARPS M1874 SILHOUETTE RIFLE,. He uses a stiff load of IMR 4198 and the Sierra 300 gr HP. And hope I am just a section of allowing you to get a better product. Army's Springfield Armory for use in the Springfield Model 1873, which is known to collectors as the "Trapdoor Springfield. These rounds shot way high (point of impact) when compared to the factory ammo, and produced quite a bit more recoil. The barrel retains about 99% of the original polished blue finish while the remaining metal surfaces show a similar amount of vibrant case colors that are fading lightly to gray along the edges. Photos form a description. Authentic Replica Civil War1859 Sharps Rifle Carbine 39. 50-140 3-1/4" and is accurate beyond belief. The factory Click for more info. It was not distributed by the armies involved to the soldiers but was sometimes privately purchased as an improvement over the army-issued weapons. 45-70, with the lightened receiver devised by Sharps sales director and official shooter Charles Overbaugh to. I already own a C Sharps 1874 in 45-90 and it has the heavy barrel. Fired less than 50 times with only damage a very small chip out of forend. Renowned gunmaker Davide Pedersoli introduces the 1874 Sharps Hunter falling-block rifle, a version that delivers the reliability and accuracy you expect from an affordable rifle with fewer decorative. Complete with a factory hard case, reproduction sight range Vernier tang sight. Accuracy is as good or better then my Pedersoli Sharps 45-70 or 40-65 Rolling block. The Little Sharps is lightweight, handy, and perfectly balanced. 52 caliber, later. The hunters' Sharps rifles had extracted a punishing toll by the second day and the only Indians in sight were a small group on a distant bluff. I had him re-chamber it to 45-90 and now it's a shooting essobee. The hand-engraved Sharps Extra Deluxe, previously available only through select World Class Collection dealers, is now available through all Uberti dealers. It was originally designed around 150 years ago, to be used in the United States Army's Springfield Model 1873. I'm a very happy camper. NOW SHIPPING SELECT FIREARMS. click on picture to view available ballistics data. Best known as a buffalo-hunting gun, the Sharps sporting rifle became known as “Old Reliable” by those who hunted buffalo for their hides. The same pressure level applies to its bigger brothers too: 45-90, 45-100, 45-110, and 45-120. " 1874 Shiloh Sharps in 45-70 at 990. Cimarron Rifle From Down Under 45-70, 34" Octagan Barrel, Color Case Hardened Standard Blue Finish, Walnut Stock Md: SH200 Here's a spitting image reproduction of the famed Sharps rifle made famous in the classic western film "Quigley Down Under". "Sure do" he said, and took down a Sharps 1874 replica. The Shilohs had by far the best fit and finish. Pedersoli 1874 Sharps Quigley 45-70 Sporting Rifle as made famous in the Quigley Down Under movie. The troopers carried the “trapdoor” Springfield or the Sharps carbines, both in. b gardone 45-70 sharps, iab gardone sharps,. Double set trigger. Old crack in the. "old reliable" serial available upon request. This Uberti Sharps "Down Under". 45-70, all 1874 Sharps-replica Uberti rifles are true to the originals. Complete with a factory hard case, reproduction sight range Vernier tang sight. 001 1874 SHARPS SPORTING. 45-70 Government lever-action rifles from a variety of manufacturers. The original guns are close to 150 years old and should not be fired unless first inspected by a knowledgeable gunsmith. 50, Sharps rifles were used to virtually exterminate the American Bison between 1870 and 1900. Buy a sharps 45-70 online. B 1874 Sharps Replia. Shop for Sharps 1874 Replica - IAB Italy rifle parts with Numrich Gun Parts Corp. Manufactured by Armi Sport, one of their fine line of Sharps Rifles and Carbines. Ruger came into the field with its No. Here are some stock pictures just as a taste, and expect some more unusual calibres such as 38-55, 40-65 Sharps for a different experience, along with the recognisable 45-70, 45-90, 110 and the awesome 45-120. = 1/2" diameter projectile and was loaded with 90 grains of Black Powder. Reproduction of Sharps Single Shot was imported from 1999 to 2008 and re-introduced in 2013. Stored in safe since purchase. September 9, 2014 Phil Spangenberger In the firearms world, the name "Shiloh" has come to mean the maker of the finest quality modern reproductions of the famed single-shot Sharps rifles of the mid-to-late 19th century. Photos form a description. Over the years I've owned two Shilohs, a Dixie Gun Works Pedersoli BPCR sharps in. Two favorites of the buffalo hunter were the 50-90 Sharps and 45-100 Sharps. Double set trigger. 45-70 rifle is a reproduction of Tom Selleck's rifle in "Quigley Down Under. 50-140 3-1/4" and is accurate beyond belief. I quickly learned that the original sight on the rifle, a German silver blade, would not give me the sight picture I wanted in order to shoot the groups I thought the rifle was capable of shooting. At the beginning it was produced with single trigger, only in February of 1879 some hundred pieces have been made with double set trigger. Each of them. Sharps Rifle. 45 caliber percussion $1,735. They are now offering an affordable 1874 Deluxe Sharps. Guns are nitro-proofed, though some of the Sharps shooter prefer to load with Blackpowder, which can give good results in the right hands. Denix Replicas are intended for collection, display, and decoration only. 45-70 Government; Wood-stocked. 45-70 can put down any game animal in North America. 50-70 Government cartridge. It is also in. Parts For Reproduction Handguns > Longarms > Cartridge > CR0415 PEDERSOLI SHARPS M1874 SILHOUETTE RIFLE,. The previous owner of my Sharps warned me about using the shorter jacketed bullets in the. 357 Magnum cartridge; the second is the Overbaugh, in. 45-70's a round $1. It is capable of outstanding accuracy, and the big. I was all of thirteen and he was 102 and still active enough to have killed a four-point buck the year before. 1848 Holy. 45-70 is easiest because of all of the information and brass available but there's nothing like the thrill of sending 650 grains down range and hearing the clang on steel rams. The barrel retains about 99% of the original polished blue finish while the remaining metal surfaces show a similar amount of vibrant case colors that are fading lightly to gray along the edges. September 9, 2014 Phil Spangenberger In the firearms world, the name "Shiloh" has come to mean the maker of the finest quality modern reproductions of the famed single-shot Sharps rifles of the mid-to-late 19th century. Actually, I prefer the 45-90. 1859 Sharps Carbine. Best known as a buffalo-hunting gun, the Sharps sporting rifle became known as "Old Reliable" by those who hunted buffalo for their hides. - Answered by a verified Firearms Expert. The hand-engraved Sharps Extra Deluxe, previously available only through select World Class Collection™ dealers, is now available through all Uberti dealers. Wwi Us Army Dismounted M1917 Cartridge Belt M1903 Springfield Rifle. The finest reproduction of this rifle available today. 0 grains of IMR 3031 powder, Federal 210 primer, Winchester case. The Sharps model features: • Hand oil-finished walnut stock • Receiver breechblock and trigger plate all machined from a solid piece of steel • Lock plate and trigger guard contoured to the stock • Tumbler fly so the trigger can be sensitized to release softly • One-piece. 54 caliber with 22" or 28" and more longer round or octagonal barrel. What is the scoop on this ammo??. proudly offers a wide selection of Sharps Rifles & Carbines, manufactured by the finest gun manufacturers in Italy, Davide Pedersoli and Chiappa Firearms. I already own a C Sharps 1874 in 45-90 and it has the heavy barrel. Oiled Walnut Stock. 1874 Sharps Long Range. Complete with a factory hard case, reproduction sight range Vernier tang sight. 45-70, all 1874 Sharps-replica Uberti rifles are true to the originals. 40-70 Sharps Straight, but only a dozen to 18 competitors (a maximum of 10 percent) ever relied on it. 45-70 Peabody carbine. Does it flatten the rainbow trajectory or is it just a marksmen that likes a little better challenge. 45-120 options, so the. With some hesitation, I am offering my Pedersoli 1874 Sharps Competition 45-70. The 45/70 Govt. Custom Sharps Model 1877 Long Range Creedmoor Target Rifle. Listening to the demands of customers, Colt revived the Series 70 as the “Colt’s Mark IV Series 70 Reproduction, the exact same gun you see pictured here. This auction is for an I. This Uberti Sharps "Down Under". The 5744 load I've used since the 1980's in my Shiloh (Farmingdale, NY) military carbine in. 45-70 Government, was developed at the U. Gardone VT Italy Sharps Replica; Results 1 to 1 of 1 Thread: gardone 45/70, gardone vt sharps, i. davide-pedersoli. 45/70 Is Still A Great Cartridge for Big Game. click on picture to view available ballistics data. Here are some stock pictures just as a taste, and expect some more unusual calibres such as 38-55, 40-65 Sharps for a different experience, along with the recognisable 45-70, 45-90, 110 and the awesome 45-120. 45-70 caliber. has been in the Sharps rifle business for over 35 years and more importantly has been in the business of producing some of the finest quality firearms available worldwide in that same time period. Austin kept his guns in the corners of the living room. Italian MFD Palmetto Gemmer Sharps / Hawken 32" 45/70 BP Black Powder Falling Block Rifle MFD 1986 This is a faithful Italian made Palmetto reproduction of a. For some reason I assumed a long Sharps caliber, that load of mine is for the 45-2 7/8". PEDERSOLI "Sharps Rifles". With a little shopping for the right dealer, one can be had for the low $700 range. Shiloh Business rifle. 40-65 WCF,. 45-70 caliber rifle. sharps 1874 Italian replica in. NOW IN STOCK! The sharps carbine is the shorter version of the Sharps rifle. The Sharps model features: • Hand oil-finished walnut stock • Receiver breechblock and trigger plate all machined from a solid piece of steel • Lock plate and trigger guard contoured to the stock • Tumbler fly so the trigger can be sensitized to release softly • One-piece. The rifle has not been altered in anyway. The widest range of shooting accessories at very competitive prices with products are backed by our customer service & extensive product knowledge. Accurate reproduction of the rifle Sharps Long Range model made in December of 1876, converting rifles with 32" (813 mm) barrels length to 34" (864 mm). My Dad has three Pedersolis; a Sharps target, Sharps carbine, and Trapdoor carbine. Showcasing sharps rifle available for buying today online! Replica 1859. (depending upon the powder grain size being used as well as the length of bullet. "old reliable" serial available upon request. 357 Magnum cartridge; the second is the Overbaugh, in. 410 shotshells. The 5744 load I've used since the 1980's in my Shiloh (Farmingdale, NY) military carbine in. MVA offers the Sharps Vernier tang sight as a close reproduction of the original Sharps sight, but we have incorporated into the design the ability to lock both the elevation and the windage with a simple tightening of the eye disc. Sharps Rifle Expansive array of Sharps Rifle at the best pricing. 459 full lead bullet of provenance, like the 535 grain Postell. 45-90 WCF and. I intend to keep it in this condition as it is the pride of my small collection. User’s guide for: SHARPS RIFLE been producing a faithful replica of all parts of this rifle. 70 ~ Gun Review Ammoland Inc. Pedersoli Sharps 1874 45-70 Range report Since this is a replica the max pressure rating for this rifle is 29000. Store hours Mon-Sat 9:30am-6pm MST. Sell your sharps 45-70 for FREE today on GunsAmerica! Sharps reproduction. Chambered in classic. Looks to be in practically unfired condition. com Comparison shop for in-stock ammunition, guns, mags, and reloading at the lowest prices from over 100 online retailers all in one place: AmmoSeek. Sportsman's Guide has your Taylor's & Co. Our Collection museum quality western replica rifles includes western 1866 lever action rifle, Henry repeating rifle, French carbine, Kentucky flintlock rifle, English flintlock rifle, Lucas McCain Rifleman rifle, brown Bess, blank firing lever action rifle, Enfield, sharps carbine, percussion revolving rifle, M1873, M1892, lever action carbine, miniature lever action rifle. 45-70 has been 28. 45 Colt or. Since the original article on my Pedretti Sharps, I have been developing loads for that rifle. I have one from each and they all shoot better than I or anyone else can.